Tiolepta [Alpha-lipoic Acid or Thioctic Acid]
Tiolepta is an endogenous antioxidant that binds free radicals and stabilizes lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. Thioctic acid (alpha-lipoic acid), its main component, is an organosulfur compound derived from caprylic acid. It is an antioxidant that is widely used as a dietary supplement and as a pharmaceutical drug. Alpha-lipoic acid is most commonly used to treat diabetes and nerve-related symptoms of diabetes including burning, pain and numbness in the legs and arms.
Alpha-lipoic acid has hepatoprotective, lipid-lowering, hypocholesterolemic and hypoglycemic properties. It lowers blood glucose by binding to insulin receptor in the body which increases glucose utilization. Also, due to its antioxidant activity, alpha-lipoic acid is used to treat nerve damage due to uncontrolled blood sugar level that causes pain, tingling, or numbness over hands and feet (diabetic neuropathy).
Diabetic neuropathy and alcoholic polyneuropathy.
Formulation and Packaging
Tablets with 300 mg of the active ingredient (alpha-lipoic acid).
Dosage and Application
To be administered orally on an empty stomach 30 mins before the first meal. You should wash down the pills. Dosage is 600 mg once a day. The duration of treatment course should be prescribed by a doctor.
- hypersensitivity to the components of the drug;
- pregnancy and lactation;
- children under 18 years of age;
- lactose intolerance, lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption (for tablets).
Alpha-lipoic acid lowers the effect of cisplatin.
It is not recommended to co-administer alpha-lipoic acid with metal containing drugs (iron, magnesium and calcium medications) and milk because of its metal binding effect. Minimum interval is 2 hours.
Tiolepta enhances the effect of insulin, oral anti-diabetic drugs and glucocorticoids.
The effect of alpha-lipoic acid is lowered by ethanol and its metabolites.
Generally, the drug is well tolerated.
Overdose symptoms may include headache, nausea and vomiting.
Treatment: symptomatic treatment and anticonvulsant therapy, if necessary.